Integrating Humanistic Counseling and Family Systems Approaches in Ethical and Legal Contexts

Your First and Last Name

University Name

Course Code: Name of Course

Instructor Name

Due Date (Month Day, Year)

—page break—


           In the scenario provided, Rouel is feeling severe distress as a result of her troubled relationship with her mother, which is causing academic decline and retreat from social engagements. Recognizing the importance of involving Rouel’s parents in the counseling process as a counselor is critical for her well-being. However, given the possible conflict between Rouel’s parents and the custodial nature of her mother’s position, ethical and legal considerations are crucial. Counseling minors involves a complicated interplay between keeping confidentiality and ensuring the child’s well-being. Confidentiality is essential in developing confidence between the counselor and the client, especially when dealing with young people who may be afraid of consequences or breaches of trust. The primary concern, however, is the minor’s welfare, Rouel, which may involve disclosing information or involving necessary parties to guarantee her safety and mental health.

Ethical Considerations Legal Perspectives in Counseling Rouel

           In this case, Rouel’s wish to include just her father in the counseling sessions creates a dilemma for maintaining confidentiality while addressing her well-being. It becomes critical to strike a balance between Rouel’s autonomy and her best interests while adhering to ethical norms. Honoring Rouel’s request for her father’s involvement while carefully encouraging her to consider the benefits of including her mother can show respect for her autonomy while also protecting her welfare.

           From a legal perspective, custodial parents often have legal decision-making responsibility over their child’s welfare, including issues such as counseling and healthcare. Custodial parents’ consent is required in many jurisdictions for any sort of treatment or intervention involving juveniles. However, there are exceptions to parental consent, and children may get counseling without parental approval if it is found to be in their best interests and within legal restrictions (Archer-Kuhn, 2019). If the counselor considers that involving both parents will worsen Rouel’s anguish or jeopardize her safety, legal and ethical criteria may allow for the counselor to initially involve only one parent. Dealing with the ethical and legal difficulties of this issue necessitates a cautious and sensitive approach. It entails assessing Rouel’s autonomy, her well-being, the custodial parent’s legal rights, and the potential influence of involving both parents on Rouel’s mental health. Collaboration with legal specialists or seeking advice from relevant professional bodies may help in selecting the best course of action while adhering to ethical standards and legal requirements.

Humanistic Theory in Counseling Rouel

           Applying the Humanistic theory in counseling Rouel can be advantageous. Carl Rogers’ Humanistic theory is a client-centered approach that emphasizes an individual’s natural desire for self-actualization and personal progress (Purswell, 2019). The concept in fostering a helpful, empathic, and nonjudgmental environment is central to this theory. For Rouel, who is dealing with strained family dynamics and mental pain, the Humanistic method can provide a therapeutic environment that is tailored to her specific requirements. Rogers’ approach emphasizes the significance of creating a welcoming and safe therapy atmosphere. This environment empowers Rouel to express herself freely without fear of criticism or condemnation. Rouel can explore and verbalize her emotions, thoughts, and concerns about her family dynamics, academic obstacles, and emotional disengagement by creating a supportive environment. This open expression allows her to get a better knowledge of her emotions, which aids in her self-discovery and emotional processing.

           Furthermore, the Humanistic approach emphasizes validating the client’s feelings and emotions. Having her thoughts confirmed can be revolutionary for Rouel, who feels unheard and suffocated in her rigid environment. The counselor’s empathic understanding and affirmation of Rouel’s experiences can establish trust and comfort in her, enabling her to continue participating in the therapeutic process. Another key feature of Humanistic treatment is encouraging autonomy and self-awareness (Renger & Macaskill, 2021). Rouel can develop agency over her life by allowing her to explore her thoughts and emotions. This technique encourages her to realize her inner qualities, gain self-confidence, and have a better grasp of her needs and objectives. Rouel can face her familial issues with more self-awareness and confidence.

           In essence, the Humanistic theory’s emphasis on establishing a supportive and empathic environment corresponds to Rouel’s desire for a safe space to express herself. This technique can help Rouel’s journey to self-discovery, emotional resilience, and managing the complexities of her familial connections and scholastic problems by validating her emotions, creating self-awareness, and empowering her autonomy.

Family and Organizational Systems Approach

           The Family and Organizational Systems Approach is a counseling approach that considers individuals in the context of their familial and social systems (Carr, 2019). In Rouel’s case, using this technique acknowledges the complex web of familial dynamics influencing her emotional well-being and behavioral habits. This approach recognizes that individuals have an unbreakable connection to their family systems, and Rouel’s sadness could be a reflection of family dynamics, such as continued tensions between her parents post-divorce. Involving her father in the counseling process provides a unique opportunity to dig deeper into these dynamics, learning about the family’s communication patterns, roles, and unsolved concerns. Understanding these dynamics is critical to understanding Rouel’s emotional reactions and disengagement from her schoolwork and social contacts.

           It is critical to look into communication patterns inside the family unit. Rouel’s perception of her mother as tight and closed-off could be the result of underlying communication difficulties or disagreements between her parents. The counselor can detect these patterns through counseling sessions with her father, providing for a better understanding of how they affect Rouel’s emotional condition. This comprehension lays the groundwork for bridging communication barriers and creating healthy interactions within the family. Furthermore, the presence of parental conflict and its impact on Rouel’s well-being must be explored. Her parents’ continual feuds could have contributed greatly to her mental distress and academic degradation. Participating in counseling sessions with both parents allows for an analysis of these issues and their effects on Rouel’s mental health. There is a chance to lessen the detrimental impact of these conflicts on Rouel’s emotional state and academic performance by acknowledging and addressing them in a therapy context.

           In addition, the Family Systems Approach enables the identification of possible areas for constructive transformation within the family unit. The counselor can foster discussions aimed at developing a more supportive and loving family atmosphere by incorporating Rouel’s father in the counseling process. To reduce the negative influence on Rouel and her sister, the parents may need to build healthy communication skills, set boundaries, and foster understanding. Furthermore, involving Rouel’s father in counseling sessions provides a forum for collaborative problem-solving. It enables the counselor, Rouel, and her father to collaborate on measures to enhance Rouel’s emotional well-being and academic engagement. Involving him in the process fosters a sense of shared responsibility in addressing Rouel’s issues and cultivating a more suitable home environment for her development. Overall, the Family and Organizational Systems Approach provides a comprehensive framework for understanding and addressing Rouel’s problems in the context of her family dynamics. Engaging Rouel’s parents in therapy sessions allows for a more in-depth investigation of these relationships, setting the way for positive changes that can improve Rouel’s emotional resilience, academic success, and general well-being.


           In conclusion, the merging of Humanistic theory with the Family and Organizational Systems Approach results in a comprehensive and detailed plan adapted to Rouel’s varied challenges. Rouel’s demand for a therapeutic setting that encourages self-expression and emotional exploration is aligned with the Humanistic theory’s emphasis on personal progress and self-actualization. Rouel can freely explore her feelings, thoughts, and experiences without fear of criticism, establishing a sense of autonomy and self-awareness that is essential for her well-being. At the same time, the inclusion of the Family and Organizational Systems Approach acknowledges that Rouel’s challenges have roots within the complex dynamics of her familial environment. Involving Rouel’s father in counseling sessions provides for more in-depth knowledge of these dynamics, revealing the impact of family communication patterns, parental conflicts, and their impact on Rouel’s emotional condition and academic deterioration. The counselor can find areas for positive transformation within the family structure using this holistic perspective.

           The anticipated benefits of this integrated approach are numerous. First, it allows Rouel to become more self-aware, allowing her to have a better knowledge of her emotions and motivations. This enhanced self-awareness may enable her to face familial issues with greater resilience and confidence. Furthermore, by encouraging autonomy, the Humanistic method allows Rouel to take an active role in her personal development and decision-making, fostering a sense of agency in her life. Furthermore, the Family and Organizational Systems Approach provides a chance for good development inside the family unit. The therapy process has the ability to establish a more supportive and nurturing environment for Rouel and her sister by addressing communication hurdles, parental conflicts, and developing understanding among family members. Constructive improvements in the family structure can make a major difference in Rouel’s emotional well-being and academic achievement. Nevertheless, to best serve Rouel’s interests, it is critical to manage the counseling process ethically and lawfully. Balancing Rouel’s requirements with parental engagement, maintaining confidentiality where appropriate, and respecting the rights of the custodial parent are critical. Maintaining Rouel’s confidentiality while realizing the legal implications of parental involvement in her therapy process is part of upholding ethical standards.

—line break—


Archer-Kuhn, B. (2019). Understanding the Parent Experience in Child Custody Decision-Making: How Social Workers Can Help. Families in Society100(2), 200-212.

Purswell, K. E. (2019). Humanistic Learning Theory in Counselor Education. Professional Counselor9(4), 358-368.

Renger, S., & Macaskill, A. (2021). Developing the foundations for a learning-based humanistic therapy. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 00221678211007668.

Carr, A. (2019). Family therapy and systemic interventions for child‐focused problems: The current evidence base. Journal of Family Therapy41(2), 153-213.

Note: Apply a hanging indent to each reference list entry.

Quick Personalized Support

Got any questions or want to brief us about your assignment?